Uterine cancer is the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells in the uterus.
Marshfield Clinic offers cancer physicians who are board-certified in the treatment of uterine and other gynecologic (female) cancers.
Here are some of the treatments:
The most common treatment for uterine cancer is to remove the uterus.
Your physician may also recommend a complete hysterectomy (removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries).
To find out whether cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body, the surgeon may also remove and biopsy the lymph nodes in the surrounding area.
These procedures are often best performed by a gynecologic oncologist.
In more severe cases of uterine cancer,
radiation may be used to kill cancer cells that remain after surgery.
Depending on the state of cancer or general health of the patient, radiation may be an option in place of surgery. The common forms of radiation used in uterine cancer are:
External Radiation involves the use of a machine that directs the high-energy rays from outside the body. The treatments can be directed at a specific area in order to focus on just the affected area.
Brachytherapy places the radioactive sources inside the body near the source of the cancer allowing for the most localized treatment possible.
TomoTherapy® - a form of IMRT that delivers highly precise radiation therapy from all angels which can be used for many tumors, including those that are hard to reach. TomoTherapy targets tumors using built-in CT scanning to confirm the shape and position of the tumor before each treatment.
A physician may prescribe hormone therapy such as Progestin to help prevent the spread of uterine cancer to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy drugs are used to destroy cancer cells. Following surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy may be recommended as a follow-up step to ensure any additional cancer cells are removed.