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Pediatric Endocrinology - Growth Hormone

​​​​​​​​​​​When the pituitary gland fails to produce adequate amounts of growth hormone, a child's growth in height is impaired. 

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) may also occur in kids with growth hormone deficiency, particularly in infants and young children with the condition. 

Too much growth hormone in children who are still growing will make their bones and other body parts grow excessively, resulting in gigantism. 

This condition is usually caused by a pituitary tumor and can be treated by removing the tumor. This condition is extremely rare in children. 

Marshfield Clinic employs physician specialists who are trained in treatment of either condition.

​Treatments

Surgery
In the case of a tumor, the most common treatment option is surgery.

Growth hormone deficiency
When the amount of growth hormone is low, growth hormone replacement therapy is recommended to increase the amount of growth hormone to a normal level and curb the impairment in a child's growth.​​

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Diabetes: Test Your Knowledge

If you have diabetes, taking steps right away to control it will help you avoid complications that may come up later. This multiple-choice quiz will help you with important answers now. It is based on information from the American Diabetes Association, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the CDC.

1. Diabetes happens because of which of these?
2. Two of the main types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. How many people with diabetes have type 2?
3. A certain gland or organ doesn't work right in a person who has type 1 diabetes. Which gland or organ is it?
4. Why is insulin important for your body to use blood sugar?
5. Keeping your diabetes under control early on will help you prevent complications that may come up later. People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing which of these?
6. Why are a healthy diet and regular exercise so important if you have diabetes?
7. Type 1 diabetes happens when your insulin-producing cells called beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed. What destroys them?
8. A diabetic condition can develop as a side effect of some medicines. Which of these can raise blood sugar?
9. Which ethnic groups are most likely to develop type 2 diabetes?