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Pediatric Cancer - Hodgkin’s disease

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Hodgkin's Lymphoma, or Hodgkin's Disease (HD) is one type of a group of cancers called lymphomas. 

Lymphoma is a general term for cancers that develop in the lymphatic system, a part of the body that helps fight disease and infection. 

Hodgkin's disease is a unique type of lymphoma commonly effecting adolescents and young adults but may occur at any age. A team of skilled pediatric oncologists is available to treat children with Hodgkin's disease.​

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Treatments

Marshfield Clinic's team of specialists will work with you to determine the best possible treatments for your child based on the type and extent of Hodgkin's disease. Specific options Marshfield specialists may recommend include:

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for HD. Chemotherapy drugs interfere with the growth of cancer cells, eventually causing the cells to die. 

Chemotherapy treatment is used to shrink the tumor, keep the tumor from spreading, and kill cancer cells that have spread to other areas of the body or relieve symptoms related to cancer.

Radiation Therapy
It is common for radiation therapy to be used in combination with chemotherapy for HD. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. 

A team of trained personnel determines if this type of treatment is right for your child's cancer. Marshfield Clinic uses radiation therapy for Hodgkin's disease. External-beam radiation is a method for delivering radiation from a machine outside the body.

Surgery
Surgery is generally not an effective treatment for Hodgkin's disease and is used only to obtain a biopsy to determine an accurate diagnosis.

Stem Cell Transplantation
In certain circumstances, use of higher doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used to treat Hodgkin's disease. 

Because radiation therapy and chemotherapy destroy stem cells when they eradicate cancer cells, stem cell transplantation may be used to rebuild a patient's supply of those developing cells. 

In stem cell transplantation, before a child begins radiation or chemotherapy, doctors give the donor a medication to increase the number of stem cells in the blood, which are then collected through a process called apheresis. 

After the stem cells are removed, chemotherapy is given, and then the stem cells are returned to the child.​

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