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Pediatric Neurology - ADHD

​​​​​​​​ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that affects 5 to 8% of children. 

It accounts for many of the school-related difficulties some children have with attention, behavior and learning. 

It can also affect social interaction and behavior at home.  

ADHD can occur alone but also co-occurs with other problems like anxiety disorders, learning disorders, or oppositional behavior and mood problems.  

Marshfield Clinic manages ADHD through a multidisciplinary approach coordinated with through our Child Development Center. This ensures the child with ADHD receives the most appropriate treatment to manage their disorder.

Treatments

ADHD can't be cured, but it can be successfully managed. In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of medication and behavior therapy.


Medications
Medications can affect kids differently, and a child may respond well to one but not another. 

When determining the correct treatment, the doctor might try various medications in various doses, especially if your child is being treated for ADHD along with another disorder.

Several different types of medications may be used to treat ADHD:

  • Stimulants
  • Nonstimulants
  • Antidepressants

Behavioral therapy
Research has shown that medications used to help curb impulsive behavior and attention difficulties are more effective when combined with behavioral therapy. 

Behavioral therapy attempts to change behavior patterns by:

  • Reorganizing a child's home and school environment
  • Giving clear directions and commands
  • Setting up a system of consistent rewards for appropriate behaviors and negative consequences for inappropriate ones​
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 Seizures Video

How Much Do You Know About Seizures?

A seizure is an uncontrolled electrical discharge from brain cells that causes mental and physical symptoms. Epilepsy is a group of chronic conditions in which a person has unprovoked, recurring seizures. Find out more about epilepsy and seizures by taking this quiz, based on information from the Epilepsy Foundation.

1. Although the characteristics of a seizure may differ from person to person, seizures are caused by the same thing:
2. Seizures can be caused by:
3. Epilepsy is most likely to begin in which age group?
4. A person with epilepsy needs how much extra sleep a night?
5. In some states, if you have epilepsy, you can get a driver's license only if:
6. Although exercise is good for people with epilepsy, some sports are not appropriate. Which of these is/are not?
7. Alcohol can be dangerous for a person with epilepsy because:
8. How does a health care provider diagnose epilepsy?
9. Which is the most common treatment for epilepsy?