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Pediatric Neurology - ADHD

​​​​​​​​ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that affects 5 to 8% of children. 

It accounts for many of the school-related difficulties some children have with attention, behavior and learning. 

It can also affect social interaction and behavior at home.  

ADHD can occur alone but also co-occurs with other problems like anxiety disorders, learning disorders, or oppositional behavior and mood problems.  

Marshfield Clinic manages ADHD through a multidisciplinary approach coordinated with through our Child Development Center. This ensures the child with ADHD receives the most appropriate treatment to manage their disorder.

Treatments

ADHD can't be cured, but it can be successfully managed. In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of medication and behavior therapy.


Medications
Medications can affect kids differently, and a child may respond well to one but not another. 

When determining the correct treatment, the doctor might try various medications in various doses, especially if your child is being treated for ADHD along with another disorder.

Several different types of medications may be used to treat ADHD:

  • Stimulants
  • Nonstimulants
  • Antidepressants

Behavioral therapy
Research has shown that medications used to help curb impulsive behavior and attention difficulties are more effective when combined with behavioral therapy. 

Behavioral therapy attempts to change behavior patterns by:

  • Reorganizing a child's home and school environment
  • Giving clear directions and commands
  • Setting up a system of consistent rewards for appropriate behaviors and negative consequences for inappropriate ones​
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