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Pediatric Nephrology Hypertension/high blood pressure

​​​​​​​​​​​​Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is consistently higher than normal. 

Arterial (within the arteries) hypertension is normally thought of as high blood pressure and is often just called "hypertension." 

Pulmonary hypertension is elevated blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs (especially the pulmonary artery).

Often times hypertension in children is simply the result of anxiety that occurs when in a medical setting. This rise in blood pressure is often called "white coat" hypertension, referring to the coat a doctor wears. 

"Essential" hypertension is consistent high blood pressure for which no cause can be found.

Marshfield Clinic has pediatric specialists who are trained specifically to diagnose and treat any type of hypertension in kids.


Emphasis on lifestyle and dietary changes are important components in the treatment of hypertension in kids.

Diet and Lifestyle Changes

  • Give your child heart-healthy foods that are low in salt and low in fat including lots of fruits and vegetables as well as lean meats, fish and chicken.
  • Watch your child's weight by cutting calories, limiting snacks and sweets and getting regular exercise.
  • Help your child manage stress by making time to relax and enjoy time with family and friends. Consider ideas for hobbies to help pass the time.

In some cases your physician will recommend medications to work in combination with watching his/her diet so blood pressure can be properly managed.

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If this is a medical emergency, call 911.

Call: 1-866-520-2510

(Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.)

Take the Kidney Stone Quiz

Kidney stones are one of the most common problems of the urinary tract—and one of the most painful disorders. How much do you know about kidney stones? Try your hand at this quiz, based on information from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

1. Most kidney stones pass through a person's urinary tract without any medical intervention.
2. Anyone can develop kidney stones.
3. A kidney stone forms from chemicals that the body is trying to get rid of.
4. A urinary tract infection can put you at risk for developing kidney stones.
5. The pain from a kidney stone comes on gradually, growing more and more intense.
6. Most kidney stones large enough to cause pain must be removed surgically.
7. Drinking plenty of water can help prevent the recurrence of kidney stones.
8. Some kidney stones can be removed by using shockwaves.