Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is consistently higher than normal.
Arterial (within the arteries) hypertension is normally thought of as high blood pressure and is often just called "hypertension."
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs (especially the pulmonary artery).
Often times hypertension in children is simply the result of anxiety that occurs when in a medical setting. This rise in blood pressure is often called "white coat" hypertension, referring to the coat a doctor wears.
"Essential" hypertension is consistent high blood pressure for which no cause can be found.
Marshfield Clinic has pediatric specialists who are trained specifically to diagnose and treat any type of hypertension in kids.
Emphasis on lifestyle and dietary changes are important components in the treatment of hypertension in kids.
Diet and Lifestyle Changes
- Give your child heart-healthy foods that are low in salt and low in fat including lots of fruits and vegetables as well as lean meats, fish and chicken.
- Watch your child's weight by cutting calories, limiting snacks and sweets and getting regular exercise.
- Help your child manage stress by making time to relax and enjoy time with family and friends. Consider ideas for hobbies to help pass the time.
In some cases your physician will recommend medications to work in combination with watching his/her diet so blood pressure can be properly managed.