Kawasaki disease is an inflammatory illness that affects the entire body, including the blood vessels in the heart.
This means that it causes tissue to swell and become irritated. It's a rare illness that generally occurs in children under 5 years old. The cause is unknown.
Children are at risk of developing problems with the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart.
Long term cardiology follow up is needed for these children. Marshfield Clinic has pediatric cardiologists available to diagnose and treat a child with Kawasaki Disease or any other heart ailment.
The treatment of Kawasaki Disease consists of medications that include high-dose aspirin and gamma globulin (special blood product with antibodies to fight infections). Aspirin is given by mouth for 4 - 8 weeks.
Gamma globulin is given through an intravenous (IV) line over several hours. The child will be observed in the hospital until symptoms improve.
After the child leaves the hospital, low-dose aspirin is prescribed over 4-8 weeks to reduce inflammation and prevent blood clots from forming.