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Pediatric Cancer - Bone Cancer

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Bone cancer is most common in children and the elderly. 

The most common type, osteosarcoma, develops in the long bones of the body specifically around the knee but also may appear in the shoulder, hip or jaw. 

One rare bone cancer is known as Ewing's Sarcoma which refers to a type of cancer found around the pelvis, ribs, spine and smaller bones of the arm and leg. 

Other types of cancer found in or around bones are chondrosarcoma and soft tissue sarcoma. 

Marshfield Clinic has cancer specialists who are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of bone and joint cancers.​

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The treatment of bone cancer depends on the size and location of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread. Full-body treatment is typically required. 

​A team of Marshfield Clinic specialists will work with you and your child to determine the best treatment plan.  ​


Chemotherapy is often used prior to surgery to shrink the tumor and after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy is routinely used in the treatment of bone cancer.

Surgical removal of the tumor is necessary most of the time, and, in some cases, amputation might be necessary.​​

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Test Your Knowledge of Cancer's Warning Signs

Early detection of cancer is important because it is usually easier to treat—and possibly cure—when caught early. Do you know what signs to look for? Take this quiz to find out more.

1. Any sudden or progressive change in a mole's appearance could be a sign of skin cancer.
2. A new mole or a change in an existing mole may be a sign of skin cancer.
3. One sign of malignant melanoma is a mole with shades of tan, brown, black, or blue.
4. Changes, lumps, or hard masses in the testicles are signs of testicular cancer.
5. A change in bowel habits—blood in the stool or chronic constipation—is a common symptom of stomach cancer.
6. Lumps, hard knots, or a thickening in the breast could mean breast cancer.
7. A nagging cough or hoarseness could be signs of lung cancer.
8. Prostate cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages.
9. Symptoms of mouth or tongue cancer include a sore inside the mouth that doesn't heal and mouth pain that doesn't get better or go away.
10. Bladder cancer has no symptoms.