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Trigger finger

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Trigger finger is a painful condition of your​ finger or thumb.

​​The condition may make it difficult and painful to move your finger or thumb.

Marshfield Clinic Orthopedic hand specialists can diagnose and recommend a course of treatment.

What is Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger is an inflammation of tissue inside your finger or thumb. It is also called tenosynovitis (ten-oh-sin-oh-VY-tis). Tendons (cordlike fibers that attach muscle to bone and allow you to bend the joints) become swollen. So does the synovium (a slick membrane that allows the tendons to move easily). This makes it difficult to straighten the finger or thumb.

Image showing a finger with an inflamed tendon and swollen synovium

Causes

Repeated use of a tool with strong gripping, such as a drill or wrench, can irritate and inflame the tendons and the synovium. It is also more common in certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and diabetes. But often the cause of trigger finger is unknown.

Inside your finger

Tendons connect muscles in your forearm to the bones in your fingers. The tendons in each finger are surrounded by a protective tendon sheath. This sheath is lined with synovium, which produces a fluid that allows the tendons to slide easily when you bend and straighten the finger. If a tendon is irritated, it becomes inflamed.

When a tendon is inflamed

When a tendon is inflamed, it causes the lining of the tendon sheath to swell and thicken. Or the tendon itself may thicken. Then the sheath pinches the tendon, and the tendon can no longer slide easily inside the sheath. When you straighten your finger, the tendon sticks or “locks” as it tries to squeeze back through the sheath.

A man experiencing pain where the finger or thumb joins the palm.

Symptoms

The first sign of trigger finger may be pain where the finger or thumb joins the palm. You may also notice some swelling. As the tendon becomes more inflamed, the finger may start to catch when you try to straighten it. When the locked tendon releases, the finger jumps, as if you were releasing the trigger of a gun. This further irritates the tendon, and may set up a cycle of catching and swelling.

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If this is a medical emergency, call 911.

Call: 1-866-520-2510

(Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.)

What Do You Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

The carpal tunnel isn’t a feature along your local interstate. It’s a pathway inside your wrist that carries the median nerve from your arm to your hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects your hand. Test your knowledge of carpal tunnel syndrome by taking this quiz.

1. What is one of the main symptoms of carpel tunnel syndrome?
2. Which of these is another common symptom of carpal tunnel syndrome?
3. Women are more likely than men to develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
4. You are more likely to get carpal tunnel syndrome if you work on an assembly line than in data-entry.
5. Carpal tunnel release is one of the most common surgeries done in the U.S.
6. Surgery is the only way to treat carpal tunnel syndrome.
7. How can you help prevent carpal tunnel syndrome while at work?