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Recognizing gynecologic problems

​​​​​​​​​Certain symptoms and signs may indicate you have a gynecological problem.

If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your health care provider as they may signal a medical problem.

Marshfield Clinic's Obstetrics and Gynecology team provides complete women's health solutions.​​

Gynecological signs and symptoms that may require medical attention

Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle before menopause. But, if you notice anything different or unusual, talk to your health care provider. Do not try to treat the problem yourself.

Symptoms may result from mild infections that are easy to treat. But, if they are not treated properly, they can lead to more serious conditions, including kidney damage. Vaginal symptoms may also be a sign of more serious problems, such as cancers of the reproductive tract.

Gynecological symptoms may look like other conditions. Always check with your health care provider for a diagnosis.

See your health care provider if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Bleeding between periods

  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate, or a burning sensation during urination

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

  • Bleeding after menopause

  • Pain or pressure in your pelvis that differs from menstrual cramps

  • Itching, burning, swelling, redness, or soreness in the vaginal area

  • Sores or lumps in the genital area

  • Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant or unusual odor, or of an unusual color

  • Increased vaginal discharge

Recognizing symptoms early and seeing a health care provider right away increase the chances of successful treatment.

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If this is a medical emergency, call 911.

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Take the PMS Quiz

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a range of monthly symptoms that starts 1 to 2 weeks before a woman's menstrual period. Most women have at least some PMS symptoms. Learn more about PMS by taking this quiz.

1. Which group of women is more likely to have PMS?
2. What portion of menstruating women reports at least one symptom of PMS?
3. A more severe form of PMS is also known as:
4. How many different symptoms have been tied to PMS?
5. Symptoms of PMS can be confused with:
6. Which of these hormones is thought to play a role in PMS?
7. What has to occur for the symptoms to be diagnosed as PMS?
8. What lifestyle change will ease PMS symptoms?